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He dug six vertical shafts and three trenches at Jericho.
Based on his findings, Warren was able to provide an answer to what had been a serious question until that time: He was wrong about the castles, but he was certainly right that the mounds were ancient ruins.
Based on the conclusion of the most recent excavator, British archaeologist Kathleen Kenyon, most historians and Bible scholars would answer with a resounding "No, certainly not!
There was no city there at the time Joshua supposedly conquered it." Some 30 years after her excavation of the site – indeed, 12 years after Kenyon’s death – the detailed evidence has now become available in the final report. Ancient Jericho is located at Tell es-Sultan, next to a copious spring on the western edge of the Jordan Valley, just north of the Dead Sea.
The site’s excellent water supply and favorable climate (especially in winter) have made it a desirable place to live from the very beginning of settled habitation.
A Neolithic settlement at the site goes back to about 8000 B. E.,* thus giving Jericho the distinction of being the world’s oldest city.
The Israelites rushed into the city and put it to the torch.
Because of its importance in Biblical history, Jericho was the second site in the Holy Land, Jerusalem being the first, to feel the excavators’ picks.
Above the rampart on top of the tell was a mudbrick wall which served as Jericho’s city wall proper.It was only when Kathleen Kenyon excavated the site in the 1950s that the nature of the revetment wall was clarified, as we will soon see. E.), the time when the Israelites first appeared in Canaan.After his redating, Watzinger concluded that Jericho was unoccupied (and therefore obviously unfortified) during the Late Bronze period (c. City IV at Jericho – the city that all scholars agree was violently destroyed – was a fortified enclave, drawn at left.(A significant portion of the tell was destroyed to make way for the modern road.) Signs of a fiery destruction and his dating of the remains led Garstang to conclude that the Israelites had indeed put the city to the torch about 1400 B. Garstang was the first investigator to use modern methods at the site, although his work was still crude by today’s standards.He dug from 1930 to 1936 and promptly published his findings in a series of preliminary reports. He also excavated a residential area on the southeast slope of the mound which he believed was part of the city fortified by the double wall.